Roeland Hancock

Degree PhD, 2013, University of Arizona
Website NIDL Lab
Research Interests Language Processing

Individual Differences

Auditory Processing

Research Synopsis
Language is a remarkably complex and evolutionarily recent capacity that recruits a wide range of brain networks, with high individual variability. The NIDL Lab vision is to characterize the range of neurobiological instantiations of the language network as a means of better understanding the computations we perform during language processing and the biological factors that can affect these processes. This work will ultimately contribute to both our theoretical understanding of language as a key human faculty, and a translational understanding of the mechanisms underlying disordered language processing in neurodevelopmental disorders (e.g. dyslexia) and psychopathology.
Two extremes in neurobiological instantiation pose questions of particular interest:
  1. Which neurobiological substrates for language show minimal variation across individuals, possibly reflecting conserved core linguistic computations?
  2. Which substrates show high, performance-related variability across individuals, possibly reflecting alternative processing strategies?
We use multimodal neuroimaging, including M/EEG, functional MRI, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to address these questions in both typical and atypical individuals across the lifespan.
Courses IBACS-BIRC IBRAIN Graduate Training Courses
Recent Publications Meng Gu, Ralph Hurd, Ralph Noeske, Laima Baltusis, Roeland Hancock, Matthew D Sacchet, Ian H Gotlib, Frederick T Chin, Daniel M Spielman (2017) GABA editing with macromolecule suppression using an improved MEGA-SPECIAL sequence, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Wiley Online Library

 

Roeland Hancock, Fabio Richlan, Fumiko Hoeft (2017) Possible roles for fronto-striatal circuits in reading disorder, Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 72, p. 243-260, doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.10.025

 

Roeland Hancock, Kenneth R. Pugh, Fumiko Hoeft (2017) Neural Noise Hypothesis of Developmental Dyslexia, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, doi:10.1016/j.tics.2017.03.008

 

Fumiko Hoeft, Roeland Hancock (2017) Intergenerational transmission of reading and reading brain networks, Dyslexia and Neuroscience: The Geschwind-Galaburda Hypothesis, 30 Years Later

 

Zhichao Xia, Roeland Hancock, Fumiko Hoeft (2017) Neurobiological bases of reading disorder Part I: Etiological investigations, Language and Linguistics Compass 11(4)

Representative Publications Roeland Hancock, Kenneth R. Pugh, Fumiko Hoeft (2017) Neural Noise Hypothesis of Developmental Dyslexia, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, doi:10.1016/j.tics.2017.03.008

 

Meng Gu, Ralph Hurd, Ralph Noeske, Laima Baltusis, Roeland Hancock, Matthew D Sacchet, Ian H Gotlib, Frederick T Chin, Daniel M Spielman (2017) GABA editing with macromolecule suppression using an improved MEGA-SPECIAL sequence, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, Wiley Online Library

Career Highlights Associate Director, Brain Imaging Research Center